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CONTENTS
Key Doctrinal Comparisons - Statements of Belief 1872-1980
- William H. Grotheer
Pages 1-35

 

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ADVENTIST LAYMEN'S FOUNDATION OF CANADA (ALF)

Publisher of the
"Watchman, What of the Night?" (WWN)
William H. Grotheer, Editor of Research & Publication for the ALF
- 1970s
- 1980s
- 1990s
- 2000s

ALF SHORT STUDIES - William H. Grotheer -
"Another Comforter", study on the Holy Spirit
1976 a Letter and a Reply: - SDA General Conference warning against WWN.
Further Background Information on Zaire -General Conference pays Government to keep church there.
From a WWN letter to a reader: RE: Lakes of Fire - 2 lakes of fire.
Trademark of the name Seventh-day Adventist [Perez Court Case] - US District Court Case - GC of SDA vs.R. Perez, and others [Franchize of name "SDA" not to be used outside of denominational bounds.]

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ALF Manuscripts

Interpretative History of the Doctrine of the Incarnation as Taught by the Seventh-day Adventist Church, An
- William H. Grotheer

Bible Study Guides
- William H. Grotheer

Excerpts - Legal Documents
- EEOC vs PPPA - Adventist Laymen's Foundation

Holy Flesh Movement 1899-1901, The - William H. Grotheer

Hour and the End is Striking at You, The - William H. Grotheer

In the Form of a Slave
- William H. Grotheer

Jerusalem In Bible Prophecy
- William H. Grotheer

Key Doctrinal Comparisons - Statements of Belief 1872-1980
- William H. Grotheer

Pope Paul VI Given Gold Medallion by Adventist Church Leader
- William H. Grotheer

Sacred Trust BETRAYED!, The - William H. Grotheer

Seal of God
 - William H. Grotheer

Seventh-day Adventist Evangelical Conferences of 1955-1956
 - William H. Grotheer

SIGN of the END of TIME, The - William H. Grotheer

STEPS to ROME
- William H. Grotheer

Times fo the Gentiles Fulfilled, The - A Study in Depth of Luke 21:24
- William H. Grotheer

Remembering
Elder William H. Grotheer

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OTHER BOOKS, MANUSCRIPTS & ARTICLES:

Additional Various Studies --
"Saving Faith" - Dr. E. J. Waggoner
"What is Man" The Gospel in Creation - "The Gospel in Creation"
"A Convicting Jewish Witness", study on the Godhead - David L. Cooper D.D.

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Bible As History - Werner Keller

Place of the Bible In Education, The - Alonzo T. Jones

Facts of Faith - Christian Edwardson

Individuality in Religion - Alonzo T. Jones

Letters to the Churches - M. L. Andreasen

"Is the Bible Inspired or Expired?" - J. J. Williamson

Sabbath, The - M. L. Andreasen

Sanctuary Service, The
- M. L. Andreasen

So Much In Common - WCC/SDA

Daniel and the Revelation - Uriah Smith

Spiritual Gifts. The Great Controversy, between Christ and His Angels, and Satan and his Angels - Ellen G. White

Canons of the Bible, The - Raymond A. Cutts

Under Which Banner? - Jon A. Vannoy

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Mission of this site

 

General Note: All the Specials and Commentaries are in the last file of the year. There are 4 files for each year: jm=Jan-Mar; aj=Apr-Jun; js-=Jul-Sep; od=Oct-Dec.


In memory of
Elder William Henry Grotheer, Editor

"Watchman,
What of the Night?"
( WWN) is a thought paper that was published monthly
continuously from Jan, 1968 to the end of Dec. 2006 . by the Adventist Laymen's Foundation of Mississippi, Inc.(ALF), with William H. Grotheer as the Editor of Research & Publication.

Due to his failing health, Elder Grotheer requested that ALF of Canada continue publishing thoughts through its website www.AdventistAlet.com which now has developed into frequent Blog Thought articles plus all of the Foundation's historical published works written and audio.

As of 2010, with the official closing of the ALF of USA , The Adventist Laymen's Foundation of Canada with its website www.Adventist Alert.com is the only officially operating ALF branch established by Elder Grotheer worldwide.

We are thankful for the historical legacy that is now available through

The Adventist Laymen's Foundation of Canada, POB 8255,
Victoria, BC V8W 3R9 Canada

The Nov. 1977 issue discusses "What is the "Watchman What of the Night?"

Tax deductible receipts are still given for all gifts as usual.

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The MISSION of this site -- is to put the articles from the WWN in Essay form to be Browsed and Word Searched by word or subject. It is not our purpose to copy WWN in whole.

Any portion of the thought paper may be reproduced without further permission by adding the credit line - "Reprinted from WWN, Victoria, BC Canada."

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   KEY DOCTRINAL COMPARISONS

                         STATEMENTS OF BELIEF

                        1872-1980

                        Introduction

A NEW LOOK AT "THE GREAT CONTROVERSY" -- The following are typical historical interpretations of prophecy adopted (not originated) by E. G. White in Great Controversy, but no longer supported by modern exegesis.

1. The seven trumpets portray historical events between the first and nineteenth centuries including such episodes as the barbarian attacks on Rome and the rise and fall of the Ottoman empire.
2. The signs in the sun, moon, and stars were fulfilled in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Likewise the great earthquake of Revelation 6.
3. Papal Rome is the first beast of Revelation 13 and the U.S.A. is the second.
4. The French Revolution is the subject of Revelation 11.
5. The Millerite revival of the nineteenth century is the subject of Revelation 10.
6. That August 11, 1840, saw the fulfillment of Revelation 11:15.
7. That the seventh trumpet began to sound in the 1840's.
8. That the opening of the heavenly temple to reveal the Ark was fulfilled in the nineteenth century.
9. That Matthew 25:1-13 had its fulfillment in the nineteenth century.
10. That the deadly wound of Revelation 13:3 was fulfilled in the eighteenth century.
11. That the forty-two months of Revelation apply to 538-1798. 12. That Revelation 14:7 only began to have its fulfillment in the Millerite movement and applies to an investigative judgment.
13. The coming of the bridegroom was fulfilled in the nineteenth century fulfilling not only Matthew 25 but also Revelation 19 and Daniel 7:14.
14. The 2300 evening-mornings of Daniel 8:14 stretch from 457 B.C. to A.D. 1844.

Observe the constant tendency to find prophetic fulfillments in the nineteenth century, causing a large vacuum for the time of increasing crisis - the twentieth century. While "many have run to and fro and knowledge has been increased" among SDA Bible scholars, the supportive exegetical work on most of the above positions has dwindled from the stream in the nineteenth century to less than a trickle. Virtually no SDA is writing articles supporting the above points for scholarly theological journals outside of Adventism. Similarly they are not writing scholarly books in support of traditional prophetic positions. Even when SDA's do publish on the key scriptures involved, they do not as a rule say what nineteenth-century Adventists said (see for example the works on Revelation by Kenneth Strand). What is characteristic of SDA scholarship today as regards the above topics is silence. This is a far cry from the claim of G. I. Butler who in 1888 wrote, "Every year we have more and more evidence that we are right in our interpretation of the great prophetic themes which distinguish us as a people" (A Circular Letter).

We believe The Great Controversy to be a spiritual masterpiece despite factual inaccuracies. Its author tells us the purpose of her composition in the introduction - to draw spiritual lessons from the past which illuminate the conflict awaiting the church of the future. This purpose she fulfilled excellently. The punch-line theme of GC is the coming crisis of church and state totalitarianism threatening conscience and truth. Many are the Christian writers who since E. G. W's death (and in a few instances before that event) have given the same warning. The same is true of many non-Christian observers of the trends of our time In the former category are such as C. S. Lewis, Francis Schaeffer, Dostoyesky, and many commentators on Revelation 13, including Swete and the Jewish writer, Will Herberg. Sociologists such as Riesman, Whyte, and others sound similar warnings.

HAVE WE OUTGROWN SOME DOCTRINES? -- The following are typical doctrinal positions once held by SDA's, but now rejected by most Adventist scholars.

1. The "shut door" of Matthew 25 pointed to the close of probation for all except Adventists in 1844.
2. The first angel's message ceased in 1844.
3. The second angel's message ceased not long after the first.
4. Christ was a created being, not equal with the Father.
5. The Holy Spirit was a power not a person equal with the Father.
6. Christ possessed a sinful nature at birth like ours.
7.
The work done at the cross was not the Atonement.
8.
The "daily" of Daniel 8 was pagan Rome.
9. The last power of Daniel 11 was Turkey soon to come to her end.
10.
Armageddon pointed to a Middle-East conflict rather than a religious struggle.
11. Daniel 12:4 pointed to an increase in travel and communication and scientific inventions.
12. "This generation" of Matthew 24:34 meant the generation which saw the signs in the heavens.
13. The "heathen" of Joel 3 to be awakened meant the powers of the East such as China and Japan.
14. "Within the veil" meant within the first veil.
15. The year/day principle is explicitly stated in Numbers 14:34 and Ezekiel 4:6.
16. The Investigative Judgment is concerned only with those who have claimed Christ as savior and who have their names written in the Book of Life - not with Antichrist or the wicked in general.
17. Revelation 9:15 points to August 11, 1840.
18. There are two literal apartments in the heavenly sanctuary.
19.
E.GW was an original writer not dependent upon uninspired sources.
20. The E.G.W comments on religious history, such as the Reformation, include details gained from visions.
21. Not the little horn but the sins of the saints defiled the sanctuary.
22. "Cleansed" in Daniel 8:14 has to do with cleansing the record of the saints' sins not the defilement of the little horn.
23. Hebrews 8 and 9 used with Daniel 8 and 9 are the basis of our sanctuary teachings.
24. The Father, not Christ, is the Judge.
25. Sacrificial blood of sin offerings polluted the sanctuary.
26. The law in Galatians is the ceremonial law only.
27. The term "righteousness by faith" in the Pauline letters includes sanctification.
28. The 1335 days began in 508 and finished 1843.
29. The Investigative Judgment concerns only those whose names have once been entered in the Book of Life.
30. The Sabbath of the fourth commandment should be kept from 6:00 p. m. to 6:00 p. m.

NB -- Not all SDA ministers or even administ native leaders are aware or agree with all these changes. Some still believe with the former General Conference president that "Seventh-day Adventists have never taken a stand upon Bible exegesis which they have been compelled to surrender." (G.I. Butler, A Circular Letter to All State, Conference Committees and Our Brethren in the Ministry, (1888).

p.1 -- BACKGROUND INFORMATION -- In this brochure and on the Cassette tape which accompanies it, we share a comparative analysis of key doctrines as presented in Statements of Belief from 1872 to the present, 1980.

In the first section we note how we have viewed and presently view the Holy Scriptures; and then placed immediately after in the second section the statements regarding the Spirit of Prophecy. How the statements relative to the Bible read, govern what can be said about the writings of Ellen G. White. However much we profess to adhere to the ringing challenge of William Chillingworth - "The Bible, I say, the Bible only, is the religion of Protestants!" - the credal statement voted at the 1980 General Conference Session declares the writings of Ellen G. White to be "a continuing and authoritative source of truth." (GC Bulletin, #9, p. 25) No previous statement ever assigned such authority to the writings of Ellen G. White.

A serious study of the comparison of the other key doctrines as given on the following pages will also be thought provoking. For example, in the voted Dallas Statement, we read concering the Incarnation - "God the eternal Son became incarnate in Jesus Christ." How do we harmonize this with the concepts in all previous statements that Jesus Christ "while retaining His divine nature,... took upon Himself the nature of the human family."?

We should write a word about our sources. For past "Statements of Belief," we have relied heavily on the Yearbook. The first Yearbook resulted from an action of the General Conference Committee in December, 1882, and when published, contained "the statistics of our denomination, the proceedings of our General Conference, T. and M. [Tract and Missionary] Society, and other associations, the financial condition of our institutions, our General and State Conference constitutions, a good calender, and full directories of all Conferences and various societies throughout the country." (Quoted in SDA Encyclopedia, Rev. Edition, p. 1336) Such made the Yearbook an authoritative voice of the Church's position and standing. A break occurred in the publication of the Yearbook from 1895-1903. During these years it was replaced by the General Conference Bulletins. In 1889, 1905, 1907-1914, the Yearbook contained a section devoted to "Fundamental Principles of Seventh-day Adventists." This statement of beliefs was prefaced by the comment:         
"Seventh-day Adventists have no creed but the Bible; but they hold to certain well-defined points of faith, for which they feel prepared to give a reason 'to every man that asketh' them. The following propositions may be taken as a summary of the principle features of their religious faith, upon which there is, so far as is known, entire unanimity throughout the body." (1889 Yearbook, p. 147)

The next Statement of Beliefs to appear in the Yearbook was in 1931, but this was a new statement and revised.

It is interesting to observe that the first Yearbook to contain a Statement of Beliefs was for the year following the 1888 General Conference. It is also note-worthy that no statement appeared again till the time of the Alpha apostasy (circa, 1905) and Special Testimonies, Series B, #2 & 7, were published. It was during this period - 1890-1904 - that a divergent statement was printed in the Membership Directory of the headquarters church at Battle Creek; and the Holy Flesh Movement, which also espoused divergent doctrines, engulfed the Indiana Conference. Then

p 2 -- when the Statement again appeared in the 1905 Yearbook, it was continued only up to the death of Ellen G. White. In other words, we never even exemplified the experience of ancient Israel who "served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that overlived Joshua, and which had known all the works of the Lord, that He had done for Israel." (Joshua 24:31)

Section 1 - THE BIBLE

1872 Tract; 1874 Signs of the Times (ST) Editorial; 1889, 1905, 1907-1914 Yearbooks:
(Beginning with the 1908 Yearbook, a notation was included which read - "By the late Uriah Smith.")

"III. That the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments were given by inspiration of God, contain a full revelation of His will to man, and are the only infallible rule of faith and practice."

1894 - Membership of the Seventh-day Adventist Church of Battle Creek:
"That the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments were given by inspiration of God, and contain a revelation of His will to man, and are an infallible rule of faith and practice."

1931 Yearbook:
"1. That the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments were given by inspiration of God, contain an all-sufficient revelation of His will to man, and are the only unerring rule of faith and practice."

1979 - Annual Council Recommended Statements:
"That the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments are the written Word of God, given by divine inspiration through 'holy men of God' who spake and wrote as they were 'moved by the Holy Spirit.' These Scriptures are the all-sufficient, authoritative, and effective revelation of His gracious purpose and will. They are the source of all true doctrine and the only unerring standard of faith and practice."  1

1980 - Statement given to Delegates, Dallas GC Session: (1980 Given to Delegates):
"The Holy Scriptures, Old and New Testaments, are the written Word of God, given by divine inspiration through holy men of God who spoke and wrote as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. These Scriptures are the living, all-sufficient, trust-worthy and authoritative revelation of God's gracious purpose and will. They are the source of all true doctrine and the only infallible standard of faith and practice."

1980 - Voted "Fundamental Beliefs of Seventh-day Adventists": (1980 Voted):
"The Holy Scriptures, Old and New Testaments, are the written Word of God, given by divine inspiration through holy men of God who spoke and wrote by the Holy Spirit. In this Word, God has committed to man a knowledge necessary to salvation. The Holy Scriptures are the infallible revelation of His will. They are the standard of character, and the test of experience, the authoritative revealer of doctrines, and the trustworthy record of God's acts in history."  2

p 3 -- Section 2 - THE SPIRIT OF PROPHECY

1872 Tract; 1874 ST Editorial; 1889, 1905, 1907-1914 Yearbooks:
"That the Spirit of God was promised to manifest itself in the church through certain gifts, enumerated in I Corinthians 12 and Ephesians 4; that these gifts are not designated to supercede, or to take the place of the Bible, which is sufficient to make us wise unto salvation, any more than the Bible can take the place of the Holy Spirit; that in specifying the various channels of its operation, that Spirit has simply made provision for its own existence and presence with the people of God to the end of time, to lead to an understanding of that word which it had inspired, to convince of sin, and work a transformation in the heart and life; and that those who deny to the Spirit its place and operation do plainly deny that part of the Bible which assigns to it this work and position."

1894 - Battle Creek Church Statement:
"That the subject of spiritual gifts is a doctrine clearly taught in the Scriptures, being repeatedly set forth in various books of the Old and New Testaments; and we learn from history that the gifts have continued all along the gospel dispensation; and there is the strongest evidence that the spirit of prophecy has been manifested among those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus during the last half century."

1931 Yearbook:
"That God has placed in His church the gifts of the Holy Spirit, as enumerated in I Corinthians 12 and Ephesians 4. These gifts operate in harmony with the divine principles of the Bible, and are given for the perfecting of the saints, the work of the ministry, the edifying of the body of Christ."

1950 - General Conference Session added the following two sentences to the Statement as found in the 1931 Yearbook:
"That the gift of the Spirit of Prophecy is one of the identifying marks of the remnant church. The remnant church recognizes that this gift was manifested in the life and ministry of Ellen G. White."

1979 - Annual Council Recommended Statements:
"14. That God has placed in His church spiritual gifts, which are 'inspired by one and the same Spirit, who apportions to each one individually as He wills.' These gifts will continue in the Church to equip the saints for ministry, to build up the body of Christ, and to develop the unity of the faith.

"15. That the presence of the spiritual gift of prophecy is an identifying mark of the remnant Church and was manifested in the ministry of Ellen G. White. As the Lord's messenger she provided guidance to the Church, instruction in the Scriptures, and counsel for spiritual growth. Her writings uplift the Scriptures as the standard of faith and practice, and function as a continuing source of divine counsel." 1

1980 - Given to Delegates, Dallas Session:
"17. The presence of the gift of prophecy, one of the gifts of the Holy Spirit, is an identifying mark of the remnant Church and was manifested in the ministry of Ellen G. White. As the Lord's messenger she provided guidance to the Church, instruction in the Scriptures, and counsel for spiritual growth. Her writings, which uplift the Scriptures as the ultimate standard of faith and practice, provide a continuing source of truth and divine counsel."

p 4 -- 1980 - Voted:
"One of the gifts of the Holy Spirit is prophecy. This gift in an identifying mark of the remnant church and was manifested in the ministry of Ellen G. White. As the Lord's messenger, her writings are a continuing and authoritative source of truth and provide to the church comfort, guidance, instruction, and correction. They also make clear that the Bible is the standard by which all teaching and experience must be tested."  2

Section 3 - THE GODHEAD

1872 Tract; 1874 ST Editorial; 1889, 1905, 1907-1914 Yearbooks; 1894 Battle Creek Church Statement:
"That there is one God, a personal, spiritual Being, the Creator of all things, omnipotent, omniscient, and eternal, infinite in wisdom, holiness, justice, goodness, truth, and mercy; unchangeable, and everywhere present by His representative, the Holy Spirit.

"That there is one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Eternal Father, the One by whom He created all things, and by whom they do consist..."

1931 Yearbook:
"That the Godhead, or Trinity, consists of the Eternal Father, a personal, spiritual Being, omnipotent, omnipresent, omniscient, infinite in wisdom and love; the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Eternal Father, through whom all things were created and through whom the salvation of the redeemed hosts will be accomplished; the Holy Spirit, the third person of the Godhead, the great regenerating power in the work of redemption.

"That Jesus Christ is very God, being of the same nature and essence as the Eternal Father."

1979 - Annual Council Recommended Statement:
"2. THE TRINITY -
That there is one God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, a selfexisting Unity in Trinity. God is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent, transcendent and immanent, the absolute Reality whose infinite and personal being is a mystery forever beyond human comprehension.

"3. GOD THE FATHER - That God the eternal Father is the Creator, the ultimate Source, Sustainer, and Sovereign of all that is. He is infinite and holy, merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness.

"4. GOD THE SON - That God the eternal Son became incarnate in Jesus Christ. Through Him all things were created, the character of God is revealed, the salvation of humanity is accomplished, and the world is judged...

"5. GOD THE HOLY SPIRIT - That God the eternal Spirit was active with the Father and the Son in creation, incarnation, and redmption. He inspired the writers of Scripture and filled Christ's life with power. He draws and convicts us, renews and transforms us into the image of God. Sent by the Father and the Son to be always with us, He extends spiritual gifts to the church, empowers it to bear witness to Christ, and leads into all truth." 1

p 5 -- 1980 - Given to Delegates, Dallas Session:
"2. THE GODHEAD OR TRINITY
- There is one God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, a unity of Three co-eternal Persons, the Godhead or Trinity. God is all-powerful, all-knowing, and ever present, above all, through all and in all. He is infinite and beyond human comprehension, yet known through His self-revelation. He acts in and through nature and history. He is forever worthy of worship, adoration, and service by the whole creation.

"3. THE FATHER - God the eternal Father is the Creator, the ultimate Source, Sustainer, and Sovereign of all Creation. He is just and holy, merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness. The qualities and power exhibited in the Son and Holy Spirit are also revelations of the Father.

"4. THE SON - God the eternal Son is He through whom all things were created, the character of God is revealed, the salvation of humanity is accomplished, and the world judged...

"5. THE HOLY SPIRIT - God the eternal Spirit was active with the Father and the Son in creation, and the incarnation. He inspired the writers of Scripture. He filled Christ's life with power. Sent by the Father and the Son to be always with us, He is active in redemption. He draws and convicts human beings; and those who respond He renews and transforms into the image of God. He extends spiritual gifts to the Church, empowers her to bear witness to Christ, and in harmony with Scripture leads her into all truth."

1980 - Voted:
"2. THE TRINITY
- There is one God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, a unity of three co-eternal Persons. God is immortal, all-powerful, all-knowing, above all, and ever present. He is infinite and beyond human comprehension, yet known through His self-revelation. He is forever worthy of worship, adoration, and service by the whole creation.

"3. THE FATHER - God the eternal Father is the Creator, Source, Sustainer, and Sovereign of all creation. He is just and holy, merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness. The qualities and power exhibited in the Son and the Holy Spirit are also revelations of the Father.

"4. THE SON - God the eternal Son became incarnate in Jesus Christ. Through Him all things were created, the character of God revealed, the salvation of humanity is accomplished, and the world is judged...

"5. THE HOLY SPIRIT - God the eternal Spirit was active with the Father and the Son in creation, incarnation, and redemption. He inspired the writers of Scripture. He filled Christ's life with power. He draws and convicts human beings; and those who respond He renews and transforms into the image of God, sent by the Father and the Son to be always with His children, He extends spiritual gifts to the church, empowers it to bear witness to Christ, and in harmony with the Scriptures leads into all truth." 2

Section 4 - THE INCARNATION

1872 Tract; 1874 ST Editorial; 1889, 1905, 1907-1914 Yearbooks:
"That there is one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Eternal Father. that He took on Him the nature of the seed of Abraham for the redemption of our fallen race; that He dwelt among men full of grace and truth, lived our example..."

p 6 -- 1894 - Battle Creek Church Statement:
That there is one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Eternal Father,. that He took of him the nature of man, for the redemption of our fallen race; that He dwelt among men, full of grace and truth, lived our example. ."

1931 Yearbook:
"That Jesus Christ is very God, being of the same nature and essence as the Eternal Father. While retaining His divine nature, He took upon Himself the nature of the human family, lived on earth as a man, exemplified in His life as our example the principles of righteousness..."

1979 - Annual Council Recommended Statement:
"4. GOD THE SON - That God the eternal Son became incarnate in Jesus Christ. . . Forever truly God, He became truly man, conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary. He lived and experienced temptation as a man, but perfectly exemplified the righteousness and love of God."1

1980 - Given to Delegates, Dallas Session:
"4. THE SON - Forever truly God, He became truly man, the man Jesus, the Christ. He was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary. As our Example, He lived and experienced temptation as a human being, yet without sin. He perfectly exemplified the righteousness and love of God."

1980 - Voted:
"4. THE SON - God the eternal Son became incarnate in Jesus Christ. Forever truly God, He became also truly man, Jesus the Christ. He was conceived of the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary. He lived and experienced temptation as a human being, but perfectly exemplified the righteousness and love of God."2
"Led by the Holy Spirit we sense our need, acknowledge our sinfulness, repent of our transgressions, and exercise faith in Jesus as Lord and Christ, as Substitute and Example." 2

Section 5 - THE ATONEMENT

1872 Tract; 1874 ST Editorial: (Elder James White)
"That there is one Lord Jesus Christ,... that He ... died our sacrifice, was raised for our justificatioin, ascended on high to be our only Mediator in the sanctuary in heaven, where, with His own blood, He makes the atonement for our sins; which atonement, so far from being made on the cross, which was but the offering of the sacrifice, is the very last portion of His work as priest, according to the example of the Levitical priesthood, which foreshadowed and prefigured the ministry of our Lord in heaven."

1889, 1905, 1907-1914 Yearbooks: (All except the 1889 Yearbook, have the word - "persistently" - substituted for "penitently."* This could be a type-setting error.)
"That there is one Lord Jesus Christ ... that He ... died our sacrifice, was raised for our justification, ascended on high to be our only mediator in the sanctuary in heaven, where, through the merits of his shed blood, He secures the

p 7 -- pardon and forgiveness of the sins of all those who penitently* come to Him; and as the closing portion of His work as priest, before He takes His throne as king, He will make the great atonement for the sins of all such, and their sins will then be blotted out and borne away from the sanctuary, as shown in the service of the Levitical priesthood, which foreshadowed and prefigured the ministry of our Lord in heaven."

1894 - Battle Creek Church Statement:
"That there is one Lord Jesus Christ,... that He ... died our sacrifice, was raised for our justification, ascended on high to be our only mediator in the sanctuary
in heaven, where, through the atoning merits of His blood, He secures the pardon and forgiveness of all who penitently come to God through Him; and as the closing portion of His work as priest before He comes again as King of kings, He will make the final atonement for the sins of all believers, and blot them out, as foreshadowed and prefigured by the Levitical priesthood."

1931 - Yearbook:
"That Jesus Christ ... died for our sins on the cross, was raised from the dead, and ascended to the Father, where He ever lives to make intercession for us."

1979 - Annual Council Recommended Statement:
"9. THE DEATH OF CHRIST - That in the suffering and death of Jesus Christ, God Himself provided the only means of atonement for human sin, so that those who accept this atonement by faith have eternal life, and the whole creation understand the inifinte and holy love of the Creator. This act of atonement forever established the righteousness of God's law and the graciousness of His character; for it both condemns our sins and forgives it. Thus the death of Christ is a complete and perfect atonement, substitutionary and expiatory, reconciling and transforming." 1

1980 - Given to Delegates, Dallas Session:
"In Christ's life of perfect obedience to God's will, His suffering, death, and resurrection, God provided the only means of atonement for human sin, so that those who by faith accept this atonement may have eternal life, and the whole creation may better understand the infinite and holy love of the Creator. This act of atonement forever establishes the righteousness of God's law and the graciousness of His character; for it both condemns our sin and provides for our forgiveness. The death of Christ is substitutionary and expiatory, reconciling and transforming. The resurrection of Christ proclaims God's triumph over the forces of evil, suffering and death, and makes possible personal victory for those who accept the atonement. It declares the Lordship of Jesus Christ, before whom every knee in heaven and earth will bow."

1980 - Voted:
"In Christ's life of perfect obedience to God's will, His suffering, death and resurrection, God provided the only means of atonement for human sin, so that those who by faith accept this atonement may have eternal life, and the whole creation may better understand the infinite and holy love of the Creator. This perfect atonement vindicates the righteousness of God's law and the graciousness of His character; for it both condemns our sins and provides for our forgiveness.

p 8 -- The death of Christ is substitutionary and expiatory, reconciling and transforming. The resurrection of Christ proclaims God's triumph over the forces of evil, and for those who accept the atonement assures their final victory over sin and death. It declares the Lordship of Jesus Christ, before whom every knee in heaven and on earth will bow." 2

Section 6 - CHRIST'S HIGH PRIESTLY MINISTRY IN THE HEAVENLY SANCTUARY

1872 Tract; 1874 ST Editorial: (Elder James White)
That the sanctuary of the new covenant is the tabernacle of God in heaven, of which Paul speaks in Hebrews 8, and onward, of which our Lord, as great High Priest, is minister; that this sanctuary is the antitype of the Mosaic tabernacle, and that the priestly work of our Lord, connected therewith, is the antitype of the work of the Jewish priests of the former dispensation; that this is the sanctuary to be cleansed at the end of the 2300 days; what is termed its cleansing being in this case, as in the type, simply the entrance of the high priest into the most holy place, to finish the round of service connected therewith, by blotting out and removing from the sanctuary the sins which have been transferred to it by means of the ministration in the first apartment; and that this work, in the anti-type, commencing in 1844, occupies a brief but indefinite space, at the conclusion of which the work of mercy for the world is finished."

1889, 1905, 1907-1914 Yearbooks:
"That the sanctuary of the new covenant is the tabernacle of God in heaven, of which Paul speaks in Hebrews 8 and onward, and of which our Lord, as great high priest, is minister; that this sanctuary is the antitype of the Mosaic tabernacle, and that the priestly work of our Lord, connected therewith, is the antitype of the work of the Jewish priests of the former dispensation; that this, and not the earth, is the sanctuary to be cleansed at the end of the two thousand and three hundred days, what is termed the cleansing being in this case, as in the type, simply the entrance of the high priest into the most holy place, to finish the round of service connected therewith, by making the atonement and removing from the sanctuary the sins which had been transferred to it by means of the ministration in the first apartment; and that this work in the antitype, beginning in1844, consists in actually blotting out the sins of believers, and occupies a brief but indefinite space of time, at the conclusion of which the work of mercy for the world will be finished, and the second Advent of Christ will take place."

1894 - Battle Creek Church Statement:
"That the sanctuary of the new covenant is the tabernacle of God in heaven, the antitype of the earthly tabernacle errected by Moses in the wilderness; and that the cleansing of the sanctuary corresponds to the investigative judgment in heaven, which immediately precedes the second coming of Christ."

1931 - Yearbook:
"That the true sanctuary, of which the tabernacle on earth was a type, is the temple of God in heaven, of which Paul speaks in Hebrews 8 and onward, and of which the Lord Jesus, as our great High Priest, is minister; and that the priestly work of our Lord is the antitype of the work of the Jewish priests of the former dispensation; that this heavenly sanctuary is the one to be cleansed at the end of the 2300 days of Daniel 8:14; its cleansing being, as in the type, a work of judgment, beginning with the entrance of Christ as High Priest upon the judgment

p 9 -- phase of His ministry in the heavenly sanctuary, foreshadowed in the earthly service of cleansing the sanctuary on the day of atonement. This work of judgment in the heavenly sanctuary began in 1844. Its completion will close human probation."

1979 - Annual Council Recommended Statement:
"That there is in heaven a sanctuary in which Christ ministers in our behalf, making available to believers the benefits of His atoning sacrifice offered once for all on the cross. He was inaugurated as our High Priest and began His intercessory ministry at the time of His ascension; He entered the second and last phase of this atoning work in 1844, at the end of the prophetic period of 2300 days. Thus began an investigative judgment, typified by the cleansing of the ancient Hebrew sanctuary on the Day of Atonement."

1980 - Given to Delegates, Dallas Session:
"At His ascension Christ was seated in majesty and authority at God's right hand. He watches ceaselessly over the affairs of His Church and of the race for whom He died. As High Priest of the heavenly sanctuary He draws all to Himself and makes available to those who receive Him the benefits of His atoning sacrifice offered once for all on the cross. At the end of the prophetic period of 2300 days, in 1844, He entered the second and last phase of His ministry: He began a final work of judgment which is a part of the ultimate dispostion of all sin, a work typified by the cleansing of the ancient Hebrew sanctuary on the day of atonement."

1980 - Voted:
"There is a sanctuary in heaven, the true tabernacle which the Lord set up and not man. In it Christ ministers in our behalf, making available to believers the benefits of His atoning sacrifice offered once for all on the cross. He was inaugurated as our great High Priest and began His intercessory ministry at the time of His ascension. In 1844, at the end of the prophetic period of 2300 days, He entered the second and last phase of His atoning ministry. It is a work of investigative judgment which is a part of the ulitmate dispostion of all sin typified by the cleansing of the ancient Hebrew sanctuary on the Day of Atonement. In that typical service the sanctuary was cleansed by the blood of animal sacrifices, but the heavenly things are purified with the perfect sacrifice of the blood of Jesus."  2

Section 7 - THE PLACE OF THE STUDY OF PROPHECY

1872 Tract; 1874 ST Editorial:
"That the world's history from specified dates in the past, the rise and fall of empires, and the chronological succession of events down to the setting up of God's everlasting kingdom, are outlined in numerous great chain prophecies; and that these prophecies are now all fulfilled except the closing scenes."

1889, 1905, 1907-1914 Yearbooks:
"That prophecy is a part of God's revelation to man; that it is included in that Scripture which is profitable for instruction; that it is designed for us and our children; that so far from being enshrouded in inpenetrable mystery, it is that

p 10 -- which especially constitutes the word of God a lamp to our feet and a light to our path; that a blessing is pronounced upon those who study it; and that, consequently, it is to be understood by the people of God sufficiently to show them their position in the world's history and the special duties required at their hands."

1894 - Battle Creek Church Statement:
"That prophecy is a part of God's revelation to man; that a blessing is pronounced on those who study it; and that, as the Saviour himself has called attention to Daniel's prophecy, it is but reasonable to suppose that the prophecies may be understood; that the world's history, the rise and fall of empires, is outlined in numerous great chains of prophecy; and that these prophecies are now all fulfilled except the closing scenes."

1931 - Yearbook: NONE

1979 - Annual Council Recommended Statement: NONE

1980 - Given to Delegates, Dallas Session: NONE

1980 - Voted: NONE

Section 8 - IDENTIFICATION OF "THE MAN OF SIN"

1872 Tract; 1874 ST Editorial; 1889, 1905, 1907-1914 Yearbooks:
"That, as the man of sin, the papacy has thought to change times and laws (the law of God, Daniel 7:25), and has misled almost all Christendom in regard to the fourth commandment; we find a prophecy of a reform in this respect to be wrought among believers just before the coming of Christ."

1894 - Battle Creek Church Statement:
"That the man of sin, the papal power, has thought to change times and laws (the law of God), and has misled almost all Christendom in regard to the fourth commandment; and that there are numerous prophecies of a great Sabbath reform to be wrought among believers just before the second coming of Christ."

1931 - Yearbook: NONE

1979 - Annual Council Recommended Statement: NONE

1980 - Given to Delegates, Dallas Session: NONE

1980 - Voted: NONE


SOURCES
1  1979 Annual Council Recommended Statement - Adventist Review, February 21, 1980, pp. 8-10
2  1980 Voted Statement of Beliefs, Dallas Session - Adventist Review, May 1, 1980, pp. 23, 25-27

p 11 --

EARLY CHRISTIAN DOCTRINES
BY
J. N. D. KELLY, F.B.A.
PRINCIPAL Of ST. EDMUND HALL, OXFORD

REVISED EDITION
1817

Published In San Francisco by
HARPER & ROW, PUBLISHERS
New York   Hagerstown   San Francisco   London

88 THE PRE-NICENE THEOLOGY
2. The Church's Faith

The doctrine of one God, the Father and creator, formed the background and indisputable premiss of the Church's faith. Inherited from Judaism, it was her bulwark against pagan polytheism, Gnostic ernanationism and Marcionite dualism. The problem for theology was to integrate with it, intellectually, the fresh data of the specifically Christian revelation. Reduced to their simplest, these were the convictions that God had made Himself known in the Person of Jesus, the Messiah, raising Him from the dead and offering salvation to men through Him, and that He had poured out His Holy Spirit upon the Church. Even at the New Testament stage ideas about Christ's pre-existence and creative role were beginning to take shape, and a profound, if often obscure, awareness of the activity of the Spirit in the Church was emerging. No steps had been taken so far, however, to work all these complex elements into a coherent whole. The Church had to wait for more than three

hundred years for a final synthesis, for not until the council of Constantinople (381) was the formula of one God existing in three co-equal Persons formally ratified.Tentative theories, however, some more and some less satisfactory, were propounded in the preceding centuries, and it will be the business of this chapter and the next to survey the movement of thought down to the council of Nicaea (325).

p 12 --

so much in common  

Documents of interest in
the conversations between
the World Council of Churches
and
the Seventh-day Adventist Church
                                     

World Council of Churches
Geneva 1973

Constitution and Rules of the World Council of Churches -- A. The Constitution -- I. Basis -- The World Council of Churches is a fellowship of churches which confess the Lord Jesus Christ as God and Saviour according to the Scriptures and therefore seek to fulfil together their common calling to the glory of the one God, Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

It is constituted for the functions set out below.

II. Membership -- Those churches shall be eligible for membership in the World Council of Churches which express their agreement with the Basis upon which the Council is founded and satisfy such criteria as the Assembly or the Central Committee may prescribe. Election to membership shall be by a two-thirds vote of the member churches represented at the Assembly, each member church having one vote. Any application for membership between meetings of the Assembly

1979 Annual Council Statement Recommended

1980 Dallas GC Session Voted Statement

2. The Trinity
That there is one God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, a self-existing Unity in Trinity. God is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent, transcendent and immanent, the absolute Reality whose infinite and personal being is a mystery forever beyond human comprehension. (Deut. 6:4; Matt. 28:19; 2 Cor. 13:14; Eph. 4:4-6; 1 Pet. 1:2; 1 Tim. 1:17; Rev. 14:6, 7.)

2. The Trinity
There is one God: Father, Son and Holy Spirit, a unity of three co-eternal Persons. God is immortal, all-powerful, all-knowing, above all, and ever present. He is infinite and beyond human comprehension, yet known through His self-revelation. He is forever worthy of...

11. The Church
That the Church is the company of believers who confess Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour. In continuity with the people of God in Old Testament times, we are called out from the world; and we join together for worship, for instruction in the Word, for fellowship, for the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's Supper, and for the world-wide proclamation of the gospel. The Church...

11. The Church
The church is the community of believers who confess Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour. In continuity with the people of God in Old Testament times, we are called out from the world; and we join together for worship, for fellowship, for instruction in the Word, for the celebration of the Lord's Supper, for service to all mankind, and for the world-wide proclamation of the gospel.

 

p 13 -- Seventh-day Adventists Answer
QUESTIONS on DOCTRINE
AN EXPLANATION OF CERTAIN MAJOR ASPECTS OF SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST BELIEF

Prepared by a Representative Group of Seventh-day Adventist Leaders, Bible Teachers, and Editors

REVEIW AND HERALD PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION

WASHINGTON, D.C.

 

When, therefore, one hears an Adventist say, or reads in Adventist literature - even in the writings of Ellen G. White - that Christ is making atonement now, p 354

ATONEMENT PROVIDED
p 355 - it should be understood that we mean simply that Christ is now making application of the benefits of the sacrifical atonement He made on the cross; that He is making it efficacious for us individually, according to our needs and requests. Mrs. White herself, as far back as 1857, clearly explained what she means when she writes of Christ's making atonement for us in His ministry:             
The great Sacrifice had been offered and had been accepted, and the Holy Spirit which descended on the day of Pentecost carried the minds of the disciples from the earthly sanctuary to the heavenly, where Jesus had entered by His own blood, to shed upon His disciples the benefits of His atonement. - Early Writings, p. 260. (Italics supplied.)

p 14 --

PRIESTLY MINISTRY OF CHRIST            381
all into the holy place (or, holies),  * "thus securing an eternal redemption" for us (Heb. 9:24, R.S.V.).

VIII. Redemption Absolute by the Victory of Christ
When He ascended to heaven, He "sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high" (Heb. 1:3; compare Rom. 8:34; Eph. 1:20; Col. 3:1). The significance of this is lost if we interpret it merely as a posture. It really expresses honor as represented by authority. Stephen pictured Him not sitting but "standing on the right hand of God" (Acts 7:56). While He is our High Priest ministering on our behalf, He is also co-executive with the Father in the government of the universe. How glorious is the thought that the King, who occupies the throne, is also our representative at the court of heaven! This becomes all the more meaningful when we realize that Jesus our surety entered the "holy places," and appeared in the presence of God for us. But it was not with the hope of obtaining something for us at that time, or at some future time. No! He had already obtained it or us on the cross. And now as our High Priest He ministers the virtues of His atoning sacrifice to us. Dr. Thomas Charles Edwards has well remarked:            The sacrifice was made and completed on the Cross, as the victims were slain in the outer court. But it was through the blood of those victims the high-priest had authority to enter
the holiest place; and when he had entered, he must sprinkle

* -- The Greek word here translated "holy place" is hagia, and is in the plural form. A correct translation would be "the holies," or "holy places," as in Hebrews 9:24. This entrance, scripture teaches, occurred at His ascension to glory (Acts 1),
having already finished His sacrificial work on the cross. The word translated "obtained," in the Greek is from hourisko, and is rendered "found," " procured," "gained," or, in R.S.V., "secured," being nominative, masculine, singular, aorist, middle participle.

p 15 --

A DECLARATION OF THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES TAUGHT AND PRACTICED by THE SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISTS.


"Built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief cornerstone." Ephesians 2:20

STEAM PRESS OF THE SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION,

BATTLE CREEK, MICH.
1872.

 

 

FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES.
p. 3 - In presenting to the public this synopsis of our faith, we wish to have it distinctly understood that we have no articles of faith, creed, or discipline, aside from the Bible. We do not put forth this as having any authority with our people, nor is it designed ,to secure uniformity among them, as a system of faith, but is a brief statement of what is, and has been, with great unanimity, held by them. We often find it necessary to meet inquiries on this subject, and sometimes to correct false statements circulated against us, and to remove erroneous impressions which have obtained with those who havo not had an opportunity to become acquainted with our faith and practice. Our only object is to meet this necessity.

As Seventh-day Adventists we desire simply that our position shall be understood; and we are the more solicitous for this because there are many who call themselves Adventists who hold views with which we can have no sympathy, some of which, we think, are subversive of the plainest and most important principles set forth in the word of God.

As compared with other Adventists, Seventh-day Adventists differ from one class in believing

p. 4 - in the unconscious state of the dead, and the final destruction of the unrepentant wicked; from another, in believing in the perpetuity of the law of God as summarily contained in the ten commandments, in the operation of the Holy Spirit in the church, and in setting no times for the advent to occur; from all, in the observance of the seventh day of the week as the Sabbath of the Lord, and in many applications of the prophetic scriptures.

With these remarks, we ask the attention of the reader to the following propositions, which aim to be a concise statement of the more prominent features of our faith.

I - That there is one God, a personal, spiritual being, the creator of all things, omnipotent, omniscient, and eternal, infinite in wisdom, holiness, justice, goodness, truth, and mercy; unchangeable, and everywhere present by his representative, the Holy Spirit. Ps. 139: 7.

II - That there is one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Eternal Father, the one by whom God created all things, and by whom they do consist; that he took on him the nature of the seed of Abraham for the redemption of our fallen race; that he dwelt among men full of grace and truth,

p 16 --

p. 5 - lived our example, died our sacrifice, was raised for our justification, ascended on high to be our only mediator in the sanctuary in Heaven, where, with his own blood he makes atonement for our sins; which atonement so far from being made on the cross, which was but the offering of the sacrifice, is the very last portion of his work as priest according to the example of the Levitical priesthood, which foreshadowed and prefigured the ministry of our Lord in Heaven. See Lev. 16; Heb. 8:4, 5; 9:6, 7; &c.

III - That the Holy Scriptures, of the Old and New Testaments, were given by inspiration of God, contain a full revelation of his will to man, and are the only infallible rule of faith and practice.

IV - That Baptism is an ordinance of the Christian church, to follow faith and repentance, an ordinance by which we commemorate the rersurection of Christ, as by this act we show our faith in his burial and resurrection, and through that, of the resurrection of all the saints at the last day; and that no other mode fitly represents these facts than that which the Scriptures prescribe, namely, immersion. Rom. 6:3-5; Col. 2:12.

p. 6 - V - That the new birth comprises the entire change necessary to fit us for the kingdom of God, and consists of two parts: first, a moral change, wrought by conversion and a Christian life; second, a physical change at the second coming of Christ, whereby, if dead, we are raised incorruptible, and if living, are changed to immortality in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye. John 3:3,5; Luke 20:36.

VI - We believe that prophecy is a part of God's revelation to man; that it is included in that scripture which is profitable for instruction, 2 Tim. 3:16; that it is designed for us and our children, Deut. 29:29; that so far from being enshrouded in impenetrable mystery, it is that which especially constitutes the word of God a lamp to our feet and a light to our path, Ps. 19:105, 2 Pet. 2:19; that a blessing is pronounced upon those who study it, Rev. 1:1-3; and that, consequently, it is to be understood by the people of God sufficiently to show them their position in the world's history, and the special duties required at their
hands.

p. 7- VII - That the world's history from specified dates in the past, the rise and fall of empires, and chronological succession of events down to the setting up of God's everlasting kingdom, are outlined in numerous great chains of prophecy; and that these prophecies are now all fulfilled except the closing scenes.

VIII - That the doctrine of the world's conversion and temporal millennium is a fable of these last days, calculated to lull men into a state of carnal security, and cause them to be overtaken by the great day of the Lord as by a thief in the night; that the second coming of Christ is to precede, not follow, the millennium; for until the Lord appears the papal power, with all its abominations, is to continue, the wheat and tares grow together, and evil men and seducers wax worse and worse, as the word of God declares.

IX - That the mistake of Adventists in 1844 pertained to the nature of the event then to transpire, not to the time; that no prophetic period is given to reach to the accond advent, but that the longest one, the two thousand and three hundred days of Dan. 8:14, terminated in that year, and

p 17 --

p. 8 - brought us to an event called the cleansing or the Sanctuary.

X - That the sanctuary of the new covenant is the tabernacle of God in Heaven, of which Paul speaks in Hebrews 8, and onward, of which our Lord, as great High Priest, is minister; that this sanctuary is the antitype of the Mosaic tabernacle, and that the priestly work of our Lord, connected therewith, is the antitype of the work of the Jewish priests of the former dispensation. Heb. 8:1-5, &c.; that this is the sanctuary to be cleansed at the end of the 2300 days, what is termed its cleansing being in this case, as in the type, simply the entrance of the high priest into the most holy place, to finish the round of service connected therewith, by blotting out and removing from the sanctuary the sins which had been transferred to it by means of the ministration in the first apartment, Heb. 9:22, 23; and that this work, in the antitype, commencing in 1844, occupies a brief but indefinite space, at the conclusion of which the work of mercy for the world is finished.

XI - That God's moral requirements are the same upon all men in all dispensations; that these are summarily contained in the commandments spoken by Jehovah from Sinai, engraven on the tables of

p. 9 - stone, and deposited in the ark, which was in consequence called the "ark of the covenant," or testament. Num. 10:33, Heb. 9:4, &c.; that this law is immutable and perpetual, being a transcript of the tables deposited in the ark in the true sanctuary on high, which is also, for the same reason, called the ark of God's testament; for under the sounding of the seventh trumpet we are told that "the temple of God was opened in Heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament." Rev. 11:19.

XII - That the fourth commandment of this law requires that we devote the seventh day of each week, commonly called Saturday, to abstinence from our own labor, and to the performance of sacred and religious duties; that this is the only weekly Sabbath known to the Bible, being the day that was set apart before paradise was lost, Gen. 2:2, 3, and which will be observed in paradise restored, Isa. 66:22, 23; that the facts upon which the Sabbath institution is based confine it to the seventh day, as they are not true of any other day; and that the terms, Jewish Sabbath and Christian Sabbath, as applied to the weekly rest-day, are names of human invention, unscriptural in fact, and false in meaning.

p. 10 - XIII - That as the man of sin, the papacy, has thought to change times and laws (the laws of God), Dan 7:25, and has misled almost all Christendom in regard to the fourth commandment, we find a prophecy of a reform in this respect to be wrought among believers just before the coming of Christ. Isa. 56:1, 2; 1 Pet. 1:5; Rev. 14:12; &c.

XIV - That as the natural or carnal heart is at enmity with God and his law, this enmity can be subdued only by a radical transformation of the affections, the exchange of unholy for holy principles; that this transformation follows repentance and faith, is the special work of the Holy Spirit, and constitutes regeneration or conversion.

XV - That as all have violated the law of God, and cannot of themselves render obedience to his just requirements, we are dependent on Christ, first, for justification from our past offences, and, secondly, for grace whereby to render acceptable obedience to his holy law in time to come.

P 18 --

p. 11 - XVI - That the Spirit of God was promised to manifest itself in the church through certain gifts, enumerated especially in 1 Cor. 12 and Eph. 4; that these gifts are not designed to supersede, or take the place of, the Bible, which is sufficient to make us wise unto salvation, any more than the Bible can take the place of the Holy Spirit; that in specifying the various channels of its operation, that Spirit has simply made provision for its own existence and presence with the people of God to the end of time, to lead to an understanding of that word which it had inspired, to convince of sin, and work a transformation in the heart and life; and that those who deny to the Spirit its place and operation, do plainly deny that part of the Bible which assigns to it this work and position.

XVII - That God, in accordance with his uniform dealings with the race, sands forth a proclamation of the approach of the second advent of Christ; that this work is symbolized by the three messages of Rev. 14, the last one bringing to view the work of reform on the law of God, that his people may acquire a complete readiness for that event.

p 12 - XVIII - That the time of the cleansing of the sanctuary (see proposition X), synchronizing with the time of the proclamation of the third message, is a time of investigative judgment, first with reference to the dead, and at the close of probation with reference to the living, to determine who of the myriads now sleeping in the dust of the earth are worthy of a part in the first resurrection, and who of its living multitudes are worthy of translation - points which must be determined before the Lord appears.

XIX - That the grave, whither we all tend, expressed by the Hebrew sheol, and the Greek hades, is a place of darkness in which there is no work, device, wisdom, or knowledge. Eccl. 9:10.

XX - That the state to which we are reduced by death is one of silence, inactivity, and entire unconsciousness. Ps. 146:4; Eccl. 9:5, 6; Dan. 12:2, &c.

XXI - That out of this prison house of the grave mankind are to be brought by a bodily resurrection;

p 19 -- the righteous having part in the first resurrection, which takes place at the second advent of Christ, the wicked in the second resurrection, which takes place a thousand years thereafter. Rev. 20:4-6.

XX1I - That at the last trump, the living righteous are to be changed in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, and with the resurrected righteous are to be caught up to meet the Lord in the air, so forever to be with the Lord.

XXIII - That these immortalized ones are then taken to Heaven, to the New Jerusalem, the Father's house in which there are many mansions, John 14:1-3, where they reign with Christ a thousand years, judging the world and fallen angels, that is, apportioning the punishment to be executed upon them at the close of the one thousand years; Rev. 20:4; 1 Cor. 6:2, 3; that during this time the earth lies in a desolate and chaotic condition, Jor. 4:20-27, described, as in the beginning by the Greek term abussos bottomless pit (Septuagint of Gen. 1:2); and that here Satan is confined during the thousand years, Rev. 20:1, 2, and here finally destroyed, Rev. 20:10; Mal. 4:1; the theater of the ruin he has wrought in the universe, being appropriately made

p.14 - for a time his gloomy prison house, and then the place of his final execution.

XXIV - That at the and of the thousand years, the Lord descends with his people and the Now Jerusalem, Rev. 21:2, the wicked dead are raised and come up upon the surface of the yet unrenewed earth, and gather about the city, the camp of the saints, Rev. 20:9, and fire comes down from God out of heaven and devours them. They are then consumed root and branch, Mal. 4 :1, becoming as though they had not been. Obad. 15, 16. In this everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, 2 These. 1:9, the wicked meet the everlasting punishment threatened against them, Matt. 25:46. This is the perdition of ungodly men, the fire which consumes them being the fire for which "the heavens and the earth which are now" are kept in store, which shall melt even the elements with its intensity, and purge the earth from the deepest stains of the curse of sin. 2 Pet. 3:7-12.

XXV - That a new heavens and earth shall spring by the power of God from the ashes of the old, to be, with the New Jerusalem for its metropolis and capital, the eternal inheritance of the saints, the place where the righteous shall evermore dwell. 2 Pet. 3:13; Ps. 37:11, 29; Matt. 5:5.

p 20 --


MEMBERSHIP

 

Seventh-Day Adventist Church

OF BATTLE CREEK, MICH.,

As It stood April 15, 1894;

 

Names of Officers, Committees, Trustees, Regular Meetings, etc.

BATTLE CREEK, MICH.1894.

 

 

P.2 -- OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. *

ELDERS --- O. A. OLSEN, A. O. TAIT, URIAH SMITH, G. W. AMADON, H. NICOLA, CLINTON D. RHODES,
Wm. C. SISLEY.

DEACONS -- M. J. CORNELL, JOSEPH SMITH, LEANDER GRAVES, Wm. H. HALL, G. H. MURPHY, W. H. EDWARDS, MARCUS M. ASHLEY.

DEACONNESSES -- TRUDIE A. RHODES, FREDERIKA H. SISLEY, M. AUGUSTA EDWARDS, MATILDA SMITH,
MAGGIE C. ASHLEY.

CLERK -- .L. L. LAWRENCE.

ASSISTANTS -- JOSEPH H. HAUGHEY, EGBERT C. LOUGHBOROUGH,

BOARD OF CHURCH OFFICERS -- O. A. OLSEN, A. 0. TAIT, URIAH SMITH, G. W. AMADON, Wm. C. SISLEY, M. J. CORNELL, Wm. H. HALL, GEO. H. MURPHY, M. M. ASHLEY, JOSEPH SMITH, LEANDER GRAVES, JOSEPH H. HAUGHEY, W. H. EDWARDS, E. C. LOUGHBOROUGH, L. L. LAWRENCE, C. D. RHODES, H. NICOLA.
CHURCH TREASURER -- W. H. EDWARDS.

* -- NOTE - All the officers of this church are elected at the beginning of each year; but the Sabbath-school officers are elected semi-annually.

p 21 --

P 3 -- COLLECTOR OF TITHES -- MYRON J. CORNELL.

TRUSTEES -- MYRON J. CORNELL, A. R. HENRY,
Wm. H. HALL, W. H. EDWARDS, HARMON LINDSAY.

JANITOR -- THEODORE B. LEWIS.

USHERS -- M. J. CORNELL, FRED. PFEIFFER, T. B. LEWIS, J. B. CHAMBERS, E. L. RICHMOND, O. BEUCHEL, JOSEPH GREEN, 0. V. PRATT, N. A. FITZGERALD, E. GREGORY.

LEADER OF CHOIR -- Wm. C. GAGE.

SABBATH-SCHOOL SUPERINTENDENT -- LEROY T. NICOLA.

ASSISTANT -- M. E. CADY

P.12 - that the clerk of this church should have the true and full address of every non-resident member. It is also desirable in this large church that there be as few non-resident members as possible; this is the late recommendation of the president of the General Conference. Recently the names of some have been dropped because they fail to report, and do not furnish us their addresses. Many of this class do not get the usual annual church letter, which is intended for all absent members, and which gives imporant facts concerning the work of God here, that all should have.

SOME THINGS WHICH SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISTS BELIEVE.

The S. D. A. people have no creed or discipline except the Bible, but the following are some of the points of their faith upon which there is a quite general agreement: -

That there is one God, a personal, spiritual Being, the Creator of all things, omnipotent, omniscient, and eternal; infinite in wisdom, holiness, justice, goodness, truth, and mercy; unchangeable, and that he is everywhere present by his representative, the Holy Spirit.

That there is one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Eternal Father, the one by whom he created all things, and by whom they consist; that he took on him the nature of man, for the redemption of our fallen race; that he dwelt among men, full of grace and truth, lived our example, died our sacrifice, was raised for our justification, ascended on high to be our only mediator in the sanctuary in heaven, where, through the atoning merits of his blood, he secures the pardon and forgiveness of all who penitently come to God through him; and as the closing portion of his work as priest before he comes again as King of kings, he will make the final atonement for the sins of all believers, and blot them out, as foreshadowed and prefigured by the Levitical priesthood.

That the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments were given by inspiration of God, and contain a revelation of his will to man, and are an infallible rule of faith and practice.

That baptism is an ordinance of the Christian Church, to follow faith and repentance, - an ordinance by which we commemorate the burial and resurrection of Christ; and that no

p 22 --
p.13 -- other mode fitly represents this except that which the Scriptures point out, namely, immersion. Baptism is the outward sign of an inward work.

That the new birth, or conversion, comprises the moral change necessary to make us children of God; and that this is to be followed by a Christian life. That no one can be a true child of God except by conversion, which is the work of the Holy Spirit, changing and renewing the carnal heart, which in its natural state is at enmity with God and his law.

That prophecy is a part of God's revelation to man; that a blessing is pronounced on those who study it; and that, as the Saviour himself has called attention to Daniel's prophecy (Matt. 24:15), it is but reasonable to suppose that the prophecies may be understood; that the world's history, the rise and fall of empires, is outlined in numerous great chains of prophecy, and that these prophecies are now all fulfilled except the closing scenes.

That the doctrine of the world's conversion and a temporal millennium is a fable of the last days, calculated to lull souls into a state of carnal security, and cause them to be overtaken by the day of the Lord as by a thief in the night; that the wheat and the tares are to grow together until the end, and that wicked men and seducers are to wax worse and worse.

That the Lord never brings judgments upon men without due warning; consequently the great second advent proclamation which has been stirring the world for the last half century, is in the order of God, and that the error of Adventists In 1844 pertained to the nature of the event then to transpire, and not to the time. The sanctuary was to be cleansed at the end of the 2300 days, but that cleansing was not the burning of the earth, as the people supposed; it was Christ's final work as our High Priest in the sanctuary above.

That the sanctuary of the new covenant is the tabernacle of God in heaven, the antitype of the earthly tabernacle erected by Moses in the wilderness; and that the cleansing of the sanctuary corresponds to the investigative judgment in heaven, which immediately precedes the second coming of Christ.

That God's moral requirements are the same upon all men, in all dispensations (for "the Lord changeth not"); and that the law of God on tables of stone in the earthly sanctuary, was but a transcript of the original in the archives of glory.

p.14 -- That the fourth commandment of God's law requires that we devote the seventh day of each week to abstinence from our own labor, and to the performance of sacred and religious duties; and that this is the only weekly Sabbath recognized in the Bible, being the day that the Lord set apart in Paradise before man fell.

That the man of sin, the papal power, has thought to change times and laws (the law of God), and has misled almost all Christendom in regard to the fourth commandment; and that there are numerous prophecies of a great Sabbath reform to be wrought among believers just before the second coming of Christ.

That the followers of Christ should be a "peculiar people," not following the ways of the world, not loving its pleasures nor indulelug in its follies; inasmuch as the apostle says that " whosoever will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God."

That the Scriptures insist upon plain and modest attire as a mark of discipleship in those who profess to be followers of Christ, and therefore that the wearing of gold, pearls, and costly array, merely for adornment, is contrary to the Scriptures, and should not be indulged in by Christians.

That means for the support of the gospel should be contributed from love to God and not raised by lotteries, fairs, or festivals; that the tithe of one's earnings belongs wholly to God (see Lev. 27:30), and will be given to him by those who are walking in the light.

That all mankind have broken God's law, and come short of his glory; and that we are wholly dependent upon Jesus Christ for justification from past sins, and for strength to obey God in time to come.

That Christians are constantly beset by three enemies; the world, the flesh, and the Devil; and that to be preserved from backsliding and ruin, we should take up our daily cross, watch unto prayer, study the Bible, in the meetings bear a testimony to the goodness of God, and work while the day lasts in doing good to others.

That temperance and purity are continually enjoined in both the Old and New Testaments; therefore the use of spirituous drinks and tobacco SHOULD NOT BE TOLERATED; also that tea, coffee, and the use of flesh as food, do not constitute a healthful diet.

That there is a personal, wicked spirit called the Devil and Satan, the enemy of God and his children, that old serpent who

p 23 -- deceived our first parents, and who goeth about like a roaring lion seeking whom he may devour, whom we should resist in the faith, knowing that the God of peace will finally bruise Satan under our feet.

That the subject of spiritual gifts is a doctrine clearly taught in the Scriptures, being repeatedly set forth in various books of the Old and New Testaments; and we learn from history that the gifts have continued all along the gospel dispensation; and there is the strongest evidence that the spirit of prophecy has been manifested among those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus during the last half century.

That civil government is ordained of God, for the interests and good of society; and that magistrates should be prayed for, and honored and obeyed, except in things opposed to the will of God who is the only Lord of the conscience.

That for over half a century God has been sending forth to the world the great second-advent proclamation concerning the soon-coming of his Son, and that this last phase of the gospel is symbolized by the three messages of Revelation 14, the last message bringing to view the Sabbath reform on the law of God, that his children may obtain a complete readiness for the coming of Christ.

That the cleansing of the sanctuary synchronizes with the time of the proclamation of the third message, the last work of the gospel, and is a time of investigative judgment, first with reference to the righteous dead, and secondly, at the close of probation, with reference to the living saints, to determine who of the myriads now sleeping in the dust of the earth are worthy of a part in the first resurrection, and who of its living multitudes are worthy of translation.

That modern spiritualism is one of the grossest, most unscriptural, and seductive errors of the day, being based entirely on the heathen and Protestant belief that man is conscious in death.

That the grave, whither we all are tending, is, as the Bible says, a place or state in which there is no work, device, wisdom, or knowledge; that death is a condition of total unconciousness, the believer's life being hid with Christ in God.

That out of this prison-house of the grave, mankind are to be brought by a bodily resurrection; the righteous having part in the first resurrection, which takes place at the second advent;

p.16 - the host of the wicked coming up a thousand years later, at the second resurrection.

That just prior to the coming of Christ, probation will end, when the seven vials of God's wrath will be poured out upon the heads of the wicked who have hardened their hearts against the entreaties of God's Spirit; then men will run to and fro through the earth, to seek the word of the Lord, and shall not find it.

That at the last trump, the living righteous are to be changed in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, and with the resurrected righteons are to be caught up to meet the Lord in the air, and so forever to be with the Lord.

That these immortalized ones, with Christ at their head, then ascend to heaven, to the New Jerusalem, in which there are many mansions, where they reign with Christ during the thousand years, judging the world and fallen angels; that during this time the earth lies in a desolate and partially chaotic state, being the prison-house of Satan, where he is to be finally destroyed.

That at the end of the thousand years, Christ descends with the redeemed and the Holy City, the New Jerusalem; the wicked dead are raised, and come up on the surface of the unrenewed earth, and gather about the city, the camp of the saints, when fire descents from God out of heaven and devours them. This is the everlasting fire prepared for the Devil and his angels, the awful perdition of ungodly men.

That new heavens and a new earth shall spring, by the power of God, from the ashes of the old, and that this renewed and regenerated earth, with the New Jerusalem for its metropolis and capital, shall be the eternal inheritance of the saints, the final abode of the righteous, where they shall evermore dwell.

p 24 -- From 1912 Yearbook -- FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISTS. -- By the late Uriah Smith.

Seventh-day Adventists have no creed but the Bible; but they hold to certain well-defined points of faith, for which they feel prepared to give a reason " to every man that asketh " them. The following propositions may be taken as a summary of the principal features of their religious faith, upon which there is, so far as is known, entire unanimity throughout the body. They believe:

1. That there is one God, a personal, spiritual being, the Creator of all things, omnipotent, omniscient, and eternal; infinite in wisdom, holiness, justice, goodness, truth, and mercy; unchangeable, and everywhere present by his representative, the Holy Spirit. Ps. 139: 7.

2. That there is one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Eternal Father, the one by whom he created all things, and by whom they do consist; that he took on him the nature of the seed of Abraham for the redemption of our fallen race; that he dwelt among men, full of grace and truth, lived our example, died our sacrifice, was raised for our justification, ascended on high to be our only mediator in the sanctuary in heaven, where through the merits of his shed blood, he secures the pardon and forgiveness of the sins of all those who persistently come to him; and as the closing portion of his work as priest, before he takes his throne as king, be will make the great atonement for the sins of all such, and their sins will then be blotted out (Acts 3: 19) and borne away from the sanctuary, as shown in the service of the Levitical priesthood, which foreshadowed and prefigured the ministry of our Lord in heaven. See Leviticus 16; Heb. 8:4, 5; 9:6, 7.

3. That the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments were given by inspiration of God, contain a full revelation of his will to man, and are the only infallible rule of faith and practise.

4. That baptism is an ordinance of the Christian church, to follow faith and repentance, - an ordinance by which we commemorate the resurrection of Christ, as by this act we show our faith in his burial and resurrection, and through that, in the resurrection of all the saints at the last day; and that no other mode more fitly represents these facts than that which the Scriptures prescribe, namely, immersion. Rom. 6:3-5; Col. 2:12.

5. That the new birth comprises the entire change necessary to fit us for the kingdom of God, and consists of two parts: First, a moral change wrought by conversion and a Christian life (John 5: 3); second, a physical change at the second coming of Christ, whereby, if dead, we are raised incorruptible, and if living, are changed to immortality in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye. Luke 20:38: 1 Cor. 15:51, 52.

6. That prophecy is a part of God's revelation to man; that it is included in that Scripture which is profitable for instruction (2 Tim. 3:16) ; that it is designed for us and our children (Deut. 29:29); that so far from being enshrouded in impenetrable mystery, it is that which especially constitutes the word of God a lamp to our feet and a light to our path (Pa. 119:105; 2 Peter 1:19); that a blessing is pronounced upon those who study it (Rev. 1:l-3); and that, consequently, it is to be understood by the people of God sufficiently to show them their position in the world's history and the special duties required at their hands.
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7. That the world's history from specified dates in the past, the rise and fall of empires, and the chronological succession of events down to the setting up of God's everlasting kingdom, are outlined in numerous great chains of prophecy; and that these prophecies are now all fulfilled except the closing scenes.

8. That the doctrine of the world's conversion and a temporal millennium is a fable of these last days, calculated to lull men into a state of carnal security, and cause them to be overtaken by the great day of the Lord as by a thief in the night (1 Thess. 5:3); that the second coming of Christ is to precede, not follow, the millennium; for until the Lord appears, the papal power, with all its abominations, is to continue (2 Thess. 2:8), the wheat and the tares grow together (Matt. 13:29, 30, 39), and evil men and seducers wax worse and worse, as the Word of God declares. 2 Tim. 3:1, 13.

9. That the mistake of Adventists in 1844 pertained to the nature of the event then to transpire, not to the time; that no prophetic period is given to reach to the second advent, but that the longest one, the two thousand and three hundred days of Dan. 8: 14, terminated in 1844, and brought us to an event called the cleansing of the sanctuary. See Note 1.

10. That the sanctuary of the new covenant is the tabernacle of God in heaven, of which Paul speaks in Hebrews 8 and onward, and of which our Lord, as great high priest, is minister; that this sanctuary is the antitype of the Mosaic tabernacle, and that the priestly work of our, Lord, connected therewith, is the antitype of the work of the Jewish priests of the former dispensation (Heb. 8:1-5, etc.); that this, and not the earth, is the sanctuary to be cleansed at the end of the two thousand and three hundred days, what is termed its cleansing being in this case, as in the type, simply the entrance of the high priest into the most holy place, to finish the round of service connected therewith by making the atonement and removing from the sanctuary the sins of believers (Acts 3:19), and occupies a brief but indefinite space in the first apartment (Leviticus 16; Heb. 9:22, 23); and that this work in the antitype, beginning in 1844, consists in actually blotting out the sins of believers (Acts 4:19), and occupies a brief but indefinite space of time, at the conclusion of which the work of mercy for the world will be finished, and the second advent of Christ will take place.

11. That God's moral requirements are the same upon all men in all dispensations; that these are summarily contained in the commandments spoken by Jehovah from Sinai, engraven on the tables of stone, and deposited in the ark, which was in consequence called the "ark of the covenant," or testament (Num. 10:33; Heb. 9:4, etc.); that this law is immutable and perpetual, being a transcript of the tables deposited in the ark in the true sanctuary on high, which is also, for the same reason, called the ark of God's testament; for under the sounding of the seventh trumpet we are told that " the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament." Rev. 11:19.

12. That the fourth commandment of this law requires that we devote the seventh day of each week, commonly called Saturday, to abstinence from our own labor, and to the performance of sacred and religious duties: that this is the only weekly Sabbath known to the Bible, being the day that was set apart before Paradise was lost (Gen. 2:2, 3), and which will be observed in Paradise restored (Isa. 66:22, 23): that the facts upon which the Sabbath institution is based confine it to the seventh day, as they are not true of any other day, and that the terms, Jewish Sabbath, as applied to the seventh day, and
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p 25 --
Christian Sabbath, as applied to the first day of the week, are names of human invention, unscriptural in fact, and false in meaning.

13. That as the man of sin, the papacy, has thought to change times and laws (the law of God, Dan. 7:25). and has misled almost all Christendom in regard to the fourth commandment, we find a prophecy of reform in this respect to be wrought among believers just before the coming of Christ. Isa. 56:1, 2; 1 Peter 1:5; Rev. 14:12, etc.

14. That the followers of Christ should be a peculiar people, not following the maxims, nor conforming to the ways, of the world; not loving its pleasures nor countenancing its follies; inasmuch as the apostle says that "whosoever therefore will be" in this sense. "a friend of the world is the enemy of God " (James 4:4); and Christ says that we can not have two masters, or, at the same time, serve God and mammon. Matt. 6:24.

15. That the Scriptures insist upon plainness and modesty of attire as a prominent mark of discipleship in those who profess to be the followers of Him who was "meek and lowly in heart: "that the wearing of gold, pearls, and costly array, or anything designed merely to adorn the person and foster the pride of the natural heart, is to be discarded, according to such scriptures as I Tint. 2: 9. 10; 1 Peter 3: 3, 4.

16. That means for the support of evangelical work among men should be contributed from love to God and love of souls, not raised by church lotteries, or occasions designed to contribute to the fun-loving, appetite-indulging propensities of the sinner, such as fairs, festivals, crazy socials, etc., which are a disgrace to the professed church of Christ: that the proportion of one's income required in former dispensations can be no less under the gospel; that it is the same as Abraham (whose children we are, if we are Christ's, ( Gal. 3:29) paid to Melchisedec (type of Christ) when he gave him a tenth of all (Heb. 7:1-4); the tithe is the Lord's (Lev. 27:30); and this tenth of one's income is also to he supplemented by offerings from those who are able, for the support of the gospel. 2 Cor. 9:6; Mal. 3:8, 10.

17. That as the natural or carnal heart is at enmity with God and his law, this enmity can be subdued only by a radical transformation of the affections, the exchange of unholy for holy principles; that this transformation follows repentance and faith, is the special work of the Holy Spirit, and constitutes regeneration, or conversion.

18. That as all have violated the law of God, and can not of themselves render obedience to his just requirements, we are dependent on Christ, first, for justification from our past offenses, and, secondly, for grace whereby to render acceptable obedience to his holy law in time to come.

19. That the Spirit of God was promised to manifest itself in the church through certain gifts, enumerated especially in 1 Corinthians 12 and Ephesians 4; that these gifts are not designed to supersede, or take the place of the Bible, which is sufficient to make us wise unto salvation, anymore than the Bible can take the place of the Holy Spirit; that, in specifing the various channels of its operations, that Spirit has simply made provision for its own existence and presence with the people of God to the end of time to lead to an understanding of that word which it had inspired, to convince of sin and to work a transformation in the heart and life; and that those tho deny to the Spirit its place and operation, do plainly deny that part of the Bible which assigns to it this work and position.

20.. That God, in accordance with his uniform dealings with the race, sends forth a proclamation of the approach of the second advent of Christ; and that this work is symbolized by the three messages of
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Revelation 14, the last one bringing to view the work of reform on the law of God, that his people may acquire a complete readiness for that event.

21. That the time of the cleansing of the sanctuary (see proposition 10), synchronizing with the time of the proclamation of the third message (Rev. 14: 9, 10), is a time of investigative judgment, first, with reference to the dead, and secondly, at the close of probation, with reference to the living, to determine who of the myriads now sleeping in the dust of the earth are worthy of a part in the first resurrection, and who of its living multitudes are worthy of translation, - points which must be determined before the Lord appears.

22. That the grave, whither we all tend, expressed by the Hebrew word "sheol" and the Greek word "hades," is a place, or condition, in which there is no work, device, wisdom, nor knowledge. Eccl. 9:10.

23. That the state to which we are reduced by death is one of silence, inactivity, and entire unconsciousness. Ps. 146:4; Ecel. 9:5, 6; Dan. 12:2.

24. That out of this prison-house of the grave, mankind are to be brought by a bodily resurrection, the righteous having part in the first resurrection, which takes place at the second coming of Christ; the wicked in the second resurrection, which takes place in a thousand years thereafter. Rev. 20:4-6.

25. That at the last trump, the living righteous are to be changed in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, and that the risen righteous are to be caught up to meet the Lord in the air, so forever to be with the Lord. I Thess. 4:16, 17; 1 Cor. 15:51, 52.

26. That these immortalized ones are then taken to heaven, to the New Jerusalem, the Father's house, in which there are many mansions (John 14:1-3), where they reign with Christ a thousand years, judging the world and fallen angels, that is, apportioning the punishment to be executed upon them at the close of the one thousand years (Rev. 20:4; I Cor. 6:2, 3); that during this time the earth lies in a desolate, chaotic condition (Jer. 4:23-27), described, as in the beginning, by the Greek term "abussos" (bottomless pit, Septuagint of Gen. 1:2); and that here Satan is confined during the thousand years (Rev. 20:1, 2), and here finally destroyed (Rev. 20:10; Mal. 4:1); the theater of the ruin he has wrought in the universe being appropriately made for a time his gloomy prison-house, and then the place of his final execution.

27. That at the end of the thousand years the Lord descends with his people and the New Jerusalem (Rev. 21:2), the wicked dead are raised, and come up on the surface of the yet unrenewed earth, and gather about the city, the camp of the saints (Rev. 20:9), and fire comes down from God out of heaven and devours them. They are then consumed, root and branch (Mal. 4:1), becoming as though they had not been (Obadiah 15, 16). In this everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord (2 Thess. 1: 9), the wicked meet the "everlasting punishment" threatened againstt them (Matt. 25: 46), which is everlasting death. Rom. 6:23; Rev. 20:14, 15. This is the perdition of ungodly men, the fire which consumes them being the fire for which "the heavens and the earth, which are now,... are kept in store," which shall melt even the elements with its intensity, and purge the earth from the deepest stains of the curse of sin. 2 Peter 3:7-12.

28. That new heavens and a new earth shall spring by the power of God from the ashes of the old, and this renewed earth with the New Jerusalem for its metropolis and capital shall be the eternal inheritance of the saints, the place where the righteous shall evermore dwell. 2 Peter 3:13; Ps. 37:11, 29; Matt. 5:5.
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p 26 -- WORKING STATEMENT OF BELIEFS -- Given To Delegates, General Conference Session Dallas, Texas, 1980

On the following pages (27-35) is reproduced the copy of the working paper given to the delegates as a basis for discussion of a new "Statement of Fundamental Beliefs." Prior to this a copy of the "Fundamental Beliefs of Seventh-day Adventists" as voted by the 1979 Annual Council (Adventist Review, February 21, 1980, pp. 8-10) had been distributed to the world field so that delegates coming from these overseas divisions could be prepared to discuss the changes in the new prepared statements. One delegate became so confused over the switch that had been made that he arose on the floor of the Session and asked -  "In the Netherlands we studied and discussed these fundamental beliefs many hours. Is this the same text we received there? It is very difficult for me to understand what is going on now because there appears to be many differences. I don't recognize the contents and contexts of certain theological terms in this manuscript." To this Neal Wilson replied - "I realize that this is a hazard of such an undertaking. Some of these statements will not look the same after our discussion here either." (Adventist Review, April 27, 1980, p. 15) In other words, the Elder from the Netherlands didn't get an answer nor an explanation! Just a brush-off.

In Spectrum (Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 60-61), Elder B. E. Seton, an Associate Secretary of the General Conference from 1970, and who served as secretary of the Church Manual Committee, gave some behind-the-scenes data in regard to the "Statement of Beliefs" voted by the 1979 Annual Council and recommended for adoption by the Dallas Session. He revealed that an ad hoc committee was appointed early in 1978 to prepare a document for presentation to the GC Session in 1980. When a limited revision was completed in mid-1979, Elder Seton suggested that it be submitted to the theologians at Andrews. He then states that -          "the document went to Andrews University, with the request that it be studied, that comments and emendations be referred back to the ad hoc committee. Those terms of reference did not register, for the University prepared its own set of fundamentals, which were presented to the 1979 Annual Council for eventual presentation to the 1980 Session." (p. 61)

From where did the Document which was presented to the Delegates come? Who or what committee formulated it?

Certain facts become apparent. The Statement voted at the Annual Council was written by the Theologians at Andrews University. This then reflects the thinking of the men who are training the ministry of the Church.

The Annual Council is made up almost completely by the "Cardinals," "Archbishops," and "Bishops" of the Church, presided over by "the First Minister." These men placed their stamp of approval on the theology expressed in the Statement formulated at Andrews University.

However, the Statement voted and recommended by the hierarchs of the Church was not presented to the Delegates at the Session. Another Statement as it appears on the following pages was substituted. This has never been explained.

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Page: 62
From Church Manual/HOOUP 79AC/GC 79AC/HOO 80GCS to WDE-Session 80

X 1535 FUNDAMENTAL BELIEFS OF SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISTS - CHURCH MANUAL REVISION

RECOMMENDED, To rewrite and reorganize Chapter 2, Fundamental Beliefs of Seventh-day Adventists, CM 32-39, to read as follows:

Seventh-day Adventists hold certain fundamental beliefs to be the evident teaching of the Holy Scriptures. Affirming that the Bible sets forth a coherent body of truth, we believe that:

1. The Holy Scriptures

The Holy Scriptures, Old and New Testaments, are the written Word of God, given by divine inspiration through holy men of God who spoke and wrote as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. These Scriptures are the living, all-sufficient, trustworthy and authoritative revelation of God's gracious purpose and will. They are the source of all true doctrine and the only infallible standard of faith and practice. (2 Pet. 1:20, 21; 2 Tim. 3:16, 17; Ps. 119:105; Prov. 30:5, 6; Isa. 8:20; John 10:35; 17:17; 1 Thess. 2:13; Heb. 4:12.)

2. The Godhead or Trinity

There is one God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, a unity of Three co-eternal Persons, the Godhead or Trinity. God is all-powerful, all-knowing, and ever-present, above all, through all and in all. He is infinite and beyond human comprehension, yet known through His self-revelation. He acts in and through nature and history. He is forever worthy of worship, adoration, and service by the whole creation. (Deut. 6:4; 29:29; Matt. 28:19; 2 Cor. 13:14; Eph. 4:4-6; 1 Pet. 1:2; 1 Tim. 1:17; Rev. 14:6, 7.)

3. The Father

God the eternal Father is the Creator, the ultimate Source, Sustainer, and Sovereign of all Creation. He is just and holy, merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness. The qualities and powers exhibited in the Son and the Holy Spirit are also revelations of the Father. (Gen. 1:1; Rev. 4:11; 1 Cor. 15:28; John 3:16; 1 John 4:8; 1 Tim. 1:17; Ex. 34:6, 7; John 14:9.)

4. The Son

God the eternal Son is He through Him all things were created, the character of God is revealed, the salvation of humanity is accomplished, and the world is judged. Forever truly God, He became truly man, the man Jesus, the Christ. He was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary. As our Example He lived and experienced temptation as a human being, yet without sin. He perfectly exemplified the righteousness and love of God. He suffered and died voluntarily for our sins and
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1 X 1535 FUNDAMENTAL BELIEFS OF SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISTS -- 2

in our place, was raised bodily from the dead on the third day. He was attested as God's promised Messiah by His miracles, the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy and His resurrection from the dead. He ascended to minister in the heavenly sanctuary in our behalf. He will come again in glory for the final deliverance of His people and the restoration of all things. (John 1:1-3, 14; 5:22; Col. 1:15-19; John 10:30; 14:9; Rom. 1:1-4; 5:18; 6:23; 2 Cor. 5:17-21; Luke 1:35; Phil. 2:5-11; 1 Cor. 15:3, 4; Heb. 2:9-18; 4:15; 7:25; 8:1, 2; 9:28; John 14:1-3; Rev. 22:20.)

5. The Holy Spirit

God the eternal Spirit was active with the Father and the Son in creation, and the incarnation. He inspired the writers of scripture. He filled Christ's life with power. Sent by the Father and the Son to be always with us, He is active in redemption. He draws and convicts human beings; and those who respond He renews and transforms into the image of God. He extends spiritual gifts to the Church, empowers her to bear witness to Christ, and in harmony with Scripture leads her into all truth. (Gen. 1:1, 2; Luke 1:35; 2 Pet. 1:21; Luke 4:18; Acts 10:38; 2 Cor. 3:18; Eph. 4:11, 12; Acts 1:8; John 14:16-18, 26; 15:26, 27; 16:7-13.)

6. Creation

The Holy Scriptures provide the only authoritative account of origins. In six days the Lord made "heaven and earth" and all living things upon the earth, and rested on the seventh day of that first week. Thus He established the Sabbath as a perpetual memorial of His completed creative work. The first man and woman were made in the image of God as the crowning work of creation, given dominion over the world, and charged with responsibility to care for it. When the world was finished it was "very good," declaring the glory of God. (Gen. 1; 2; Ex. 20:8-11; Ps. 19:1-6; 33:6, 9; 104; Heb. 11:3; John 1;1-3; Col. 1:16, 17.)

7. The Nature of Humanity

Man and woman were made in the image of God with individuality and the power to think and to do. Though created free beings, they are dependent upon God for life and breath and all else. When our first parents denied this dependence by disobedience they fell from their high position under God. The image of God in them was distorted, and they became subject to death and their descendants share this fallen nature and its consequences. But God in Christ reconciled all to Himself and
by His Spirit restores in penitent mortals the image of their maker. Created for the glory of God, they are called to love Him and one another, and to care for their environment. (Gen. 1:26-28; Ps. 8:4-8; Acts 17:24-28; Gen. 3; Ps 51:5; Rom. 5:12-17.)
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8. The Great Controversy

All humanity is now involved in a great controversy between Christ and Satan regarding the character of God, His law and His sovereignty over the universe. This conflict originated in heaven when a created being, in self-exaltation, became Satan, God's adversary, and led into rebellion a portion of the angels whom God had created. He introduced the spirit of rebellion into this world when he led Adam and Eve into sin in the Garden of Eden. This human sin resulted in the distortion of the image of God in humanity, the disordering of the created world, and its eventual devastation at the time of the flood. Observed by the whole creation, this world became the arena of the universal conflict, out of which the God of love will ultimately be vindicated. As a help to us in this controversy, Christ sends the angels who remained loyal to guide, protect, and sustain us in the way of salvation. (Rev. 12:4-9; Isa. 14:12-14; Ezek. 28:12-18; Gen. 3:6-8; 2 Pet. 3:6; Rom. 1:19-32; 5:12-21; 8:19-22; Heb. 1:4-14; 1 Cor. 4:9.)

9. The Life, Death and Resurrection of Christ

In Christ's life of perfect obedience to God's will, His suffering, death and resurrection, God provided the only means of atonement for human sin, so that those who by faith accept this atonement may have eternal life, and the whole creation may better understand the infinite and holy love of the Creator. This act of atonement forever establishes the righteousness of God's law and the graciousness of His character; for it both condemns our sin and provides for our forgiveness. The death of Christ is substitutionary and expiatory, reconciling and transforming. The resurrection of Christ proclaims God's triumph over the forces of evil, suffering and death, and makes possible personal victory for those who accept the atonement. It declares the Lordship of Jesus Christ, before whom every knee in heaven and on earth will bow. (John 3:16; Isa. 53; 2 Cor. 5:14, 15, 19-21; Rom. 1:4; 3:25; 4:25; 8:3, 4; Phil. 2:6-11; 1 John 2:2; 4:10; Col. 2:15.)

10. The Experience of Salvation

In infinite love and mercy God has provided the way whereby all mankind may be delivered from the penalty and power of sin. God so loved the world that He gave His only Son, Jesus Christ the Righteous, who offered Himself a sacrifice for all, that we might be reconciled to God. For our sake He made Christ, who knew no sin, to be sin for us, so that in Him we might be made the righteousness of God. Led by the Holy spirit we choose to exercise faith in Jesus as Lord and Christ, acknowledge our sinfulness, and repent of our transgressions. This faith which receives salvation is the gift of God which comes through the Word and in divine power rather than human wisdom. Through Christ we are justified, adopted as God's sons and daughters, and delivered from the lordship of sin. Through the Spirit we are born again and sanctified: the Spirit renews our minds, writes the law of God in our hearts, and provides

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the power for us to live a holy life. Abiding in Him we have the assurance of salvation now and in the judgment. (Ps. 27:1; Isa. 12:2; Jonah 2:9; John 3:16; 2 Cor. 5:17-21; Gal. 1:4; 2:19, 20; 3:13 4:4-7; Rom. 3:24-26; 4:25; 5:6-10; 8:1-4, 14, 15, 26, 27; 1 Cor. 15:3, 4; 1 John 1:9; 2:1, 2; Eph. 2:5-10; 3:16-19; Gal. 3:26; John 3:3-8; Matt. 18:3; 1 Pet. 1:23; Heb. 8:7-12.)

11. The Church

The Church has ever held a central place in God's design for the salvation of the human race. From Abraham, through whom all families of the earth were to be blessed, to the Church of the Exodus, to the nation of Israel, to the remnant returned from exile, the Lord was seeking to establish a community of chosen people to be His representatives. With Christ's advent, the foundations of the Christian Church were laid, first in the apostles and then in those who responded to their witness. The Church is the community of Christian believers who confess that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the Living God and claim Him as their Saviour and Lord. Called out from the world, they are the people of God, His household or family; adopted by God and heirs in Christ, they live on the basis of the new covenant. They associate together for worship, for fellowship, for instruction in the Word, for baptism and celebration of the Lord's Supper. The Church is likened to Christ's body of which He Himself is the Head, with all members equal in His sight. The Church is the planting of the Lord and she is to bring forth fruit to His glory. Subject to her Lord, she finds and exercises her authority in Him, the Word incarnate, and in the Scriptures, the Word in writing. He has made her responsible for the worldwide proclamation of the Gospel, and through her God's manifold wisdom and eternal purpose are made known not only to all men but to the principalities and powers in heavenly places. (Gen. 12:3; Acts 7:38; Matt. 21:43; 16:13-20; John 20;21, 22; Acts 1:8; Rom. 8:15-17; 1 Cor. 12: 13-27; Eph. 1:15, 23; 2:12; 3:8-11, 15; 4:11-15.)

12. The Remnant and its Mission

Scripture indicates that prior to the Lord's return a remnant will be called out who will resist the almost universal rebellion and apostasy of that time. In harmony with Christ's commission to preach the gospel to the whole world, and with God's plan of warning humanity of coming events that affect its destiny, the Seventh-day Adventist Church proclaims the arrival of the judgment hour and the approach of the Second Advent. It calls mankind to accept salvation through Christ and to keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus. Its proclamation is symbolized by the three angels of Revelation 14 and coincides with a judgment in heaven and results in a work of repentance and reform on earth. Every believer in Christ is called to have a personal part in this world-wide witness. When this work is completed, the Church, the bride for whom Christ died that He might sanctify and cleanse her, will be ready for His return. In triumph He will present her to Himself a
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glorious Church, the faithful of all the ages, the purchase of His blood, not having spot or wrinkle, but holy and without blemish. (Mark 16:15; Matt. 28:18-20; 24:14; 2 Cor 5:10; Rev. 12:17; 14:6-12;.18:1-4; Eph. 5:22-27; Rev. 21:1-14.)

13. Unity in the Body of Christ

The Church is one body with many members, called from every nation, kindred, tongue and people. In Christ we are a new creation; distinctions of race, culture, and nationality, and differences between high and low, rich and poor, male and female, must not be divisive among us. We are all equal in Christ, who by one Spirit has bonded us into one fellowship with Him and with one another; we are to serve and be served without partiality or reservation. Through Jesus Christ we share the same faith and hope, and reach out in one witness to all. This unity finds its source and goal in the oneness of the triune God, who has adopted us as His children. (Ps. 133:1; 1 Cor. 12:12-14; Acts 17:26, 27; 2 Cor. 5:16, 17; Gal. 3:27-29; Col. 3:10-15; Eph. 4:1-6; John 17:20-23; James 2:2-9; 1 John 5:1.)

14. Baptism

Baptism is by immersion and is contingent upon faith and repentance. It signifies the forgiveness of sin, the reception of the Holy Spirit and the experience of the new birth. Through baptism we are united to Christ and to the Church which is His body, becoming His people and acknowledging His Lordship. Baptism follows instruction in Christian truth, and is an event of faith in which believers enter into Christ's death and resurrection, so that as He was raised from the dead they too might walk in newness of life. (Matt. 3:13-16; 28:19, 20; Acts 2:38; 16:30-33; Rom. 6:1-6; Col. 2:12, 13.)

15. The Lord's Supper

In the Lord's Supper the followers of Jesus show their faith in Him as Saviour and Lord as they partake of the emblems of His body and blood, participating joyfully with Him in the special fellowship and communion of this blessed ordinance. As they partake they are one body, proclaiming the all-sufficient death of their Lord until He comes again. In preparation for the Supper, Christ ordained the service of foot washing signifying renewed cleansing, expressing willingness to serve one another in humility, and uniting hearts in love. (Matt. 26:17-30; 1 Cor. 11:23-30; 10:16, 17; John 6:48-63; Rev. 3:20; John 13:1-17.)

16. Spiritual Gifts and Ministries

God bestows upon members of His Church in all ages spiritual gifts which each member is to employ in loving ministry for the common good of the Church and of humanity. Given by the agency of the Holy Spirit, who apportions to each member as He wills, the gifts include all abilities
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and ministries needed by the church to fulfill its divinely ordained functions. According to the Scriptures these gifts encompass ministries cif faith, healing, prophecy, proclamation, teaching, administration, reconciliation, compassion and self-sacrificing service and charity for the help and encouragement of people. Some members are called of God and endowed by the spirit for functions recognized by the Church for the pastoral, evangelistic, apostolic and teaching ministries particularly needed to equip the members for service, to build up the Church to
spiritual maturity and to foster unity of the faith and knowledge of God. When members employ these spiritual gifts as faithful stewards of God's varied grace, the Church is protected from being tossed about by various winds of doctrine, grows with a growth that is from God, and is built up in faith and love. (Rom. 12:4-8; 1 Cor. 12:9-11, 27, 28; Eph. 4:8, 11-16; 2 Cor. 5:14-21; Acts 6:1-7; 1 Tim. 2:1-3; 1 Peter 4:10, 11; Col. 2:19.)

17. The Gift of Prophecy

The presence of the gift of prophecy, one of the gifts of the Holy Spirit, is an identifying mark of the remnant Church and was manifested in the ministry of Ellen G White. As the Lord's messenger she provided guidance to the Church, instruction in the Scriptures, and counsel for spiritual growth. Her writings, which uplift the Scriptures as the ultimate standard of faith and practice, provide a continuing source of truth and divine counsel. (Joel 2:28, 29; Acts 2:14-21; Rev. 12:17; 19:10.)

18. The Law of God

The great principles of God's law, expressed in the ten commandments and exemplified in the life of Christ, are the expression of God's will and His purposes concerning human conduct and relationships, and are binding upon all people in every age. These precepts are part of God's covenant with His people; they point out sin, awaken a sense of need for a Saviour, and are the standard of God's judgment. Salvation is all of grace and not of works and its fruitage is obedience to the Commandments. This obedience develops Christian character and brings well-being to us, is an evidence of our love for the Lord and our concern for our fellow men. It also demonstrates the power of Christ to transform lives, and therefore strengthens Christian witness. (Ex. 43 20:1-17; Matt. 5:17; Deut. 28:1-14; Ps. 19:7-13; John 14:15; Rom. 8:1-4; 1 John 5:3; Matt. 22:36-40.)

19. The Sabbath

The beneficent Creator, after the six days of creation, instituted the Sabbath for all people. The fourth commandment of God's unchangeable law requires the observance of this seventh-day Sabbath as a day of rest and worship, and ministry in harmony with the teaching and practice of our Lord. The Sabbath calls attention to God as Creator, is a mem
orial
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of creation and of the divine rest at the end of creation week. It is a day of delightful communion with God and one another. It is a symbol of our redemption in Christ, a sign of our sanctification, a token of our allegiance, and a foretaste of our eternal future in God's kingdom. The Sabbath is the seal, God's perpetual sign of His eternal covenant between Himself and His people. Joyful observance of this holy time from evening to evening, sunset to sunset, is a celebration of God's creative and recreative acts. (Gen. 2:1-3; Ex. 20:8-11; 31:12-17; Luke 4:16; Heb. 4:1-11; Deut. 5:12-15; Isa. 56:5, 6; 58:13, 14; Lev. 23:32; Mark 2:27, 28.)

20. Stewardship

We are stewards, responsible to God and to one another for the use of our time and opportunities, our abilities and possessions, and the earth and its resources, which He has put in our charge. We acknowledge God's ownership by faithful service, and by returning tithes and giving offerings, for the proclamation of His gospel and the support and growth of His church. (Gen. 1:26-28; 2:15; Hag. 1:3-11; Mal. 3:8-12; Matt. 23:23; 1 Cor. 9:9-14.)

21. Style of Life

We are called to be a godly people, to reject such worldly principles as result in unholy practices, to take no part in sinful pleasures and follies and to allow the Spirit to reproduce in us the character of our Lord. While recognizing cultural differences, we are to dress neatly, simply and modestly, avoiding ostentation and jewelry while seeking instead the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit. Recognizing ourselves to be temples of the Holy Spirit, we are to take intelligent care of our bodies. We are to adopt a healthful diet, to exclude unclean foods, to abstain from alcoholic beverages, tobacco, and the harmful use of drugs and narcotics; and to turn away from every defiling practice. We are to bring every thought into captivity to Christ, directing our minds to that which is true, just, pure and gracious. (1 John 2:6; Eph. 5:1-13; Rom. 12:1, 2; 1 Cor. 6:19, 20; 10:31; 1 Tim. 2:9, 10; Lev. 11:1-47; 2 Cor. 7:1; 1 Pet. 3:1-4; 2 Cor. 10:5; Phil. 4:8.)

22. Marriage and the Family

Marriage was divinely established in Eden and affirmed by Jesus to be a lifelong union between a man and a woman in loving companionship. Mutual love, honor, respect and responsibility are the fabric of this relationship, which is to reflect the sanctity, closeness and permanence of the relationship between Christ and His church. Regarding divorce, Jesus said that whoever divorces his wife, except for fornication, and marries another, commits adultery. Although some marriages may fall short of the ideal, through the guidance of the Spirit and with the assistance of the Church, those who have committed themselves to each
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other may achieve loving unity in Christ and preserve their marriage. God blessed the first husband and wife and told them to be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth, He intended the family to help each of its members toward complete maturity. Parents are to bring up their children in the admonition of the Lord, teaching them by precept and example and leading them to become members of the body of Christ and the family of God. (Gen. 2:18-25; Deut. 6:5-9; John 2:1-11; Eph. 5:21-33; Matt. 10 5:31, 32; 19:3-9; Prov. 22:6; Eph. 6:1-4.)

23. Christ's Ministry in the Heavenly Sanctuary

At His ascension Christ was seated in majesty and authority at
God's right hand. He watches ceaselessly over the affairs of His Church
and of the race for whom He died. As High Priest of the heavenly sanctuary He draws all to Himself and makes available to those who receive Him the benefits of His atoning sacrifice offered once for all on the cross. At the end of the prophetic period of 2300 days, in 1844, He entered the second and last phase of His ministry;
He began a final work of judgment which is part of the ultimate disposition of all sin, a work typified by the cleansing of the ancient Hebrew sanctuary on the day of atonement. To heavenly intelligences this investigative judgment reveals who, among the dead, are asleep in Christ and in Him deemed worthy of a part in the first resurrection. It also reveals who, among the living, are abiding in Him, keeping the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus, and in Him therefore are ready for translation into His everlasting kingdom. This judgment vindicates the justice of God in saving those who believe in Jesus. It declares that those who have remained loyal to God despite persecution and misrepresentation, shall receive the Kingdom. The completion of this ministry of Christ will mark the close of human probation before the Second Advent. (Heb. 1:3, 8:1-5; 9:11-28; Dan. 7:9-27; 8:13, 14; 9:24-27; Lev. 16; 1 Pet. 4:17, 18; Rev. 14:12; 20:12; 22:12.)

24. The Second Coming of Christ

The second coming of Christ is the blessed hope of the church, the grand climax of the gospel. The Saviour's coming will be literal, personal and visible; and when He returns, the righteous dead will be resurrected, the righteous living will be translated, and the unrighteous will perish. Then the saints will be received into His everlasting kingdom. The almost complete fulfillment of most lines of prophecy,
together with the present condition of the world, indicates that Christ's coming is near, even at the door. The time of that event has not been revealed, and we are therefore exhorted to be ready at all times: (Tit. 2:13; John 14:1-3; Acts 1:9-11; 1 Thess. 4:16, 17; 1 Cor. 15:51-54; 2 Thess. 2:8; Matt. 24; Mark 13; Luke 21; 2 Tim. 3:1-5; Joel 3:9-16; Heb. 9:28.)

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25. Death and Resurrection

Human beings are inherently mortal. They have sinned and death is the wages of sin. But God, who alone is immortal, will grant immortality to His redeemed, living and dead, at the second coming of Christ. For all people death is a state of unconsciousness. For the dead in Christ, however, it is not a state of separation: nothing, not even death, can separate them from the love of God in Christ Jesus. When Christ who is our life appears, the righteous dead are resurrected and with the righteous living will be caught up to meet their Lord. The second resurrection, the resurrection of the unrighteous, will take place later at the close of the millennium. (1 Tim. 6:15, 16; Rom. 6:23; 1 Cor. 15:51-54; Eccl. 9:5, 6; Ps. 146:4; 1 Thess 4:13-17; Rom. 8:35-39; John 5:28, 29; Rev. 20:1-10.)

26. The Millennium and the End of Sin

The millennium is the thousand-year reign of Christ with His saints in heaven between the first and second resurrections. During this time the wicked dead will be judged and at its close Satan and his angels and the impenitent will be finally destroyed. During the millennium the earth will be without human inhabitants and utterly desolate; at its close Christ with His saints and the Holy City will descend from heaven to earth. The unrighteous will then be resurrected, and with Satan at their head will attack the City; but fire from God will consume them and cleanse the earth. The universe will thus be freed of sin and sinners. (Rev. 20; Zech. 14:1-4; Mal. 4:1; Jer. 4:23-26.)

27. The New Earth

God will make new heavens and a new earth, in which righteousness dwells, an eternal home for the redeemed and a perfect environment for everlasting life, love, joy and learning in the presence of God. For here God Himself will dwell with His people, and death and pain will have passed away. The great controversy will be ended, and sin will be no more. All things, animate and inanimate, will declare that God is love; and He will reign forever. Amen. (2 Pet. 3:13; Gen. 17:1-8; Isa. 35; 65:17-25; Matt. 5:5; Rev. 21:1-7; 22:1-5; 11:15.)

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